P46 Tendencies in 2 Corinthians (Part 6)

This is Part 6 of a 6 Part series on the text critical paper that I presented at the 2013 SBL Annual Meeting in Baltimore, MD. Here is Part 1Part 2Part 3, Part 4, and Part 5. I focused on the textual tendencies of the Ancient Greek manuscript called P46 which is the oldest extant manuscript that we have of Paul’s letters. For more information upon this manuscript see The University of Michigan’s Library andThe Chester Beatty Library.

APPENDIX TWO

            Here are my notes for tracking P46 throughout all the most important variants in 2 Corinthians. First, I state whether it is the NU text or not. Second, I make a note about what type of textual variant it is. Thirdly, I note the strength of the external evidence which supports P46.

2 Corinthians 1 – 18 total variants + 1 for the Title

Verse UBS3 UBS4 NA27 Cmfrt Notes
Title/v.1 531 P46, B, and 01 have “To the Corinthians B.” With the best and oldest MSS.
6b-7a B A + 531-2 NU. Keeps original Word Order. P46 actually omits many words in this phrase (Comfort). Strong external support.
10a D B 1 532 Not NU. Change of Grammar/Inflection. Weak external evidence.
10b C B 2 532 NU. Keeps original Grammar/Inflection. Strong external support.
10c C C 3 Not NU. Change of Word Order. This is a messy variant. All over the place. P46 agrees with B, D, 1739, 1881, and Didache against the NU text. NU has better external support.
11 C B 2 533 Not NU. Change of Grammar/Inflection. Fairly good external support.
12a D B 1 534 Not NU. Word Substitution. P46 along with 01, A, B, C, K, P, 044, 33, 1739, 1881, Old Latin r, Coptic, Clement, Origen, and Didache side against the NU text having “holiness.” The NU is supported by a Byzantine text type. Better external than NU.
12b 2 NU. Does not Omit Word. Strong external support.
13 2 534 Not NU. Omission of Phrase. P46 and B are strong externally.
14 C C + Not NU. Omission of Word. Fairly good external support.
15a 1 NU. Keeps original Word Order. Strong external support.
15b C B 2 534 NU. Keeps original Grammar/Inflection. Strong external support.
16a 1 535 NU. Keeps original Grammar/Inflection. Strong external support.
16b 2 Not NU. Word Substitution. Weak external support.
17 3 535 Not NU. Change of Word Order. Two Word Omissions of 2nd nai and 2nd ou. Weak externally.
18 1 Not NU. Word Omission. Weak external support. Singular reading with D.
19 + 535 NU. Keeps original Word Order. Strong external support.
20 1 Not NU. Change of Word Order. Weak external evidence.
22 + NU. Does not Omit Word. Strong external evidence.

 

2 Corinthians 2 – 5 total variants

Verse UBS3 UBS4 NA27 Cmfrt Notes
1 C C + 535 NU. Word Substitution. P46 keeps the original wording. Good external evidence but variant has better.
3a 2 NU. Keeps original Word Order. Strong external support.
7 C + NU. Keeps original Word Order. Best external support.
9 B A 2 Not NU. Word Omission. Little external support.
17 C B + 535 Not NU. Word Substitution. Weak external support.

 

2 Corinthians 3 – 9 total variants

Verse UBS3 UBS4 NA27 Cmfrt Notes
1 1 NU. Word Substitution. Hearing error.  Strong external and internal support.
2 C A + 536-37 NU. Does not change Grammar/Inflection. Strong external evidence.
3a A 1 Not NU. Addition. P46 inserts “kai” along with B, 1739, 1881, f, Vulgate.  Strong external evidence with P46 and B aligning.
3b 2 NU. Keeps original Word Order. Strong external evidence.
5a 2 Not NU. Omission of Word. P46 and B are the singular reading, which is strong.
5b 3 NU. Keeps original Grammar/Inflection. Strong externally.
6 + 537 Not NU. Change of Grammar/Inflection. The original hand of P46 has the variant but the first corrector is with the NU. Split externally.
9 C B 1 537 NU. Keeps original Grammar/Inflection. Strong external support.
13 + Missing in P46.
18 + Not NU. Omission of Word. P46 agrees with Vulgate and Speculum. Little external support.

 

2 Corinthians 4 – 12 total variants

Verse UBS3 UBS4 NA27 Cmfrt Notes
1 538 NU. Keeps original grammar/inflections. Strong external evidence.
4 1 NU. Keeps original grammar/inflections. Shorter reading. Doesn’t add prefix to verb as other variants do. Strong external evidence.
5a 1 538 NU. Keeps original word order. Strong external evidence.
5b C B 2 538 Not NU. Changes original grammar/inflections. External evidence is all over the place.
6a 5 538-39 Not NU. Word Substitution. Substitutes “of God” for a pronoun.  Weak external evidence.
6b 6 539 NU. Original Word Order. Strongest external evidence, although it is split.
10 + NU. Keeps Original Grammar/Inflection.  Strong external evidence.
11 + Not NU. Word Substitution. Changes original word. Misspelling. Possible hearing error. Weak external evidence.
13 + NU. Does not insert/add. Strong external support.
14a C B 1 539-40 Not NU. Word Omission. Split strength of external evidence.
14b + 540 NU. Keeps Original Word. Strong external evidence.
16 1 540 NU. Keeps Original Grammar/Inflection.  See 4:1 for similarity. Strong external evidence.

 

2 Corinthians 5 – 10 total variants

Verse UBS3 UBS4 NA27 Cmfrt Notes
3a 1 Not NU. Change of Grammar/Inflection or change of Word. Western reading.
3b C 2 540 Not NU. Change of Grammar/Inflection. Strongest external evidence is with p46.
8 + NU. Keeps original Grammar/Inflection. Variant has weak external evidence.
10a 2 Not NU. Change of Grammar/Inflection. Week external evidence.
10b 3 Not NU. Word Substitution. Is a Western reading. But the NU external evidence is not strong.
11 + Not NU. Change of Grammar/Inflection. Changes indicative to subjunctive mood.
12 2 541 Not NU. Change of Grammar/Inflection or Word. “Our” to “Your.” Some other strong MSS align with p46.
17 B A + 541-42 NU. Keeps original wording and does not Add “all things.” Variant has weak support, while NU has very strong external evidence.
19 1+2 542 Not NU. Word Substitution. This is a mess. P46 has singular reading. NU has strong external support.
20 1 Not NU. Omission of Word. This is a mess. NU has very strong external support against P46.

 

2 Corinthians 6 – 8 total variants

Verse UBS3 UBS4 NA27 Cmfrt Notes
1 + Not NU. Change of Grammar/Inflection. Western Reading. NU has strong external support.
4 + NU. Keeps original Grammar/Inflection. Strongest external support.
9 + 542 NU. Keeps original Grammar/Inflection. Strong external evidence.
11 + NU. Keeps original Grammar/Inflection. “Our” instead of “your.” Strong external evidence.
15a 1 542 NU. Keeps original Grammar/Inflection. Strong external support.
15b 2 542 NU. Keeps original Grammar/Inflection. Strong external support.
15c 3 542 NU. Keeps original Grammar/Inflection. Strong external support.
16 C B 1 542-43 Not NU. Change of Grammar/Inflection. Good external support, although the NU is just as good.

 

2 Corinthians 7 – 12 total variants

Verse UBS3 UBS4 NA27 Cmfrt Notes
1 1+2 543 Not NU. Change of Grammar/Inflection. P46 has singular reading. Everything is against it.
5a 1 Not NU. Change of Grammar/Inflection. P46 and B align which is strong externally.
5b 2 Not NU. Change of Grammar/Inflection. Weak external evidence.
8a 2 543 NU. Does not Add. Only B adds “but.”
8b D C 3 543-44 Not NU. Word Omission. Omits “for, because.” There is a correction of P46 here. The original has “I see” and the corrector changes it to “seeing.” This is a gram/inflection change within itself.
10 + 544 NU. Keeps original Grammar/Inflection. Externally, evidence is split equally.
11a 2 NU. Does not Add. Strong external support.
11b 3 Not NU. Change of Grammar/Inflection. Weak and little external support.
12a 1 544 NU. Does not Add. Strong external support.
12b 2 NU. Keeps original Grammar/Inflection. Witnesses split but best support NU including P46.
13 + Not NU. Omission of Word. P46 only has support of minuscules.
14 3 NU. Keeps original Word Order. Fairly good external support. Probably the best.

 

2 Corinthians 8 – 10 total variants

Verse UBS3 UBS4 NA27 Cmfrt Notes
2a 1 Not NU. Change of Grammar/Inflection. Very little external support.
2b 2 NU. Keeps original Grammar/Inflection. Split external, but NU and P46 are stronger.
5 + 545 Not NU. Word Substitution. Very little external support, only a few versions.
7 D C + 545-46 NU. Keeps original Grammar/Inflection. Split externally. NU has P46 and B together which is strong support.
14 + Not NU. Omission of Word. Few miniscule support (1739, 1881).
16 + NU. Keeps original Grammar/Inflection. Split externally.
18 + NU. Keeps original Word Order. Strong external support.
19a D 1 NU. Keeps original Word. Word Substitution. Strong external support.
19b C 2 546 NU. Keeps original Grammar/Inflection and does not Omit. However, P46 and 33 do not have this word because of homoeoteleuton and text critics assume that it would’ve been there. Strong external support.
21 2 546 Not NU. Word Substitution. Only has support of lat, sy, and Ambst which is typical when P46 is a singular reading.

 

2 Corinthians 9 – 8 total variants

Verse UBS3 UBS4 NA27 Cmfrt Notes
1 + Not NU. Change of Grammar/Inflection. Singular reading with Old Latin g in agreement.
4 C B 1 546-47 NU. Keeps original Grammar/Inflection. Split external.
5a 1 NU. Keeps original Word. Word Substitution. Stronger evidence for NU than variant.
5b 2 Not NU. Omission of Word. Little external support.
10 1 547 NU. Keeps original Word. Word Substitution. Western reading with P46, B, D, F, and G is agreement.
11 1 Not NU. Word Substitution. Hearing error. Little external support.
12 B + Not NU. Change of Grammar/Inflection. Little external support.
14 + 547-48 NU. Keeps original Grammar/Inflection. Strong support for NU.

 

2 Corinthians 10 – 6 total variants

Verse UBS3 UBS4 NA27 Cmfrt Notes
7b 4 548 Not NU. Addition and Changes Grammar/Inflection. Singular reading.
8a 1 Not NU. Omission of Word. Strong external evidence though.
8b 2 Not NU. Change of Grammar/Inflection. Singular reading while there are several variants.
10a 1 NU. Original Word Order. Little yet strong external support.
10b 2 Not NU. Omission of Word. Little external support.
12/13 C B 1+2 548-49 NU. Does not Omit Phrase. Strong external support for NU.

 

2 Corinthians 11 – 8 total variants

Verse UBS3 UBS4 NA27 Cmfrt Notes
3 C C 4 549-50 NU. Does not Omit Phrase “the Christ.” Strong external evidence, especially with P46 and B.
4 + 550 NU. Keeps original Grammar/Inflection. Split externally, but NU is stronger because P46 and B are together.
6a 1 Not NU. Omission of Phrase. Singular reading. This effects 6b variant.
6b 2 Not NU. Omission of Word. Omits because P46 omits the phrase it is in.
18 + NU. Does not Add. Split externally but NU has better support.
21 B + NU. Keeps original Grammar/Inflection. Strong external support; variant is Western.
23 + NU. Keeps original Word Order. Many variants. NU has best external support.
28 1 550 NU. Keeps original Grammar/Inflection. Very strong external support.
30 1 Not NU. Omission of Word. Agrees only with B. While strong, it’s not enough to overturn.
32 C B 1 Missing from P46.

 

2 Corinthians 12 – 22 total variants

Verse UBS3 UBS4 NA27 Cmfrt Notes
1a C A 2 NU. Keeps original Word. Word Substitution based on a hearing error. Strong externally.
1b C A 3 NU. Keeps original Grammar/Inflection and Wording. Strong external support.
1c 4 NU. Keeps original Word. Word Substitution. Best external evidence.
3 1 NU. Keeps original Word. Word Substitution. Little external support (P46 B D*). Variant has better external support.
5a 1 Not NU. Change of Grammar/Inflection. Little external support.
5b 2 NU. Does not Add. Split externally.
6a 1 Not NU. Change of Grammar/Inflection. Singular reading.
6b 2 NU. Does not Omit Word. Split externally.
7a D C 1 550-51 Not NU. Omission of Word. NU has better external support.
7b C B 3 551-52 NU. Does not Omit Phrase. NU has better external support.
9 A 3 Missing in P46.
10 C 1 Not NU. Change of Word. Word Substitution. Only 01 agrees with P46.
11a 1 551-52 NU. Does not Add. Very strong external support.
11b 2 Not NU. Adds a Word. Singular reading with only B in agreement.
12 1 NU. Keeps original Word Order. Strong external support.
15a B B 1 NU. Does not Add. Addition. One variant adds and another omits. Strong external support.
15b C C 2 NU. Keeps original Grammar/Inflection. Strong external support.
16 + Not NU. Change of Grammar/Inflection. Only D* agrees with P46.
19a A 1 552 Not NU. Addition. Singular reading.
19b 3 Not NU. Omission of Phrase. Very little external support.
20a 1 NU. Keeps original Grammar/Inflection. Best external support. Variant is Western.
20b 2 NU. Keeps original Grammar/Inflection. Strong external support.
21 1 NU. Keeps original Grammar/Inflection. Strong external support.

 

2 Corinthians 13 – 10 total variants

Verse UBS3 UBS4 NA27 Cmfrt Notes
2a 1 552 NU. Does not Add. Strong external support.
2b 2 Not NU. Omission of Phrase. Singular reading with F and G in support.
4a 1 552 NU. Does not Add. Strong external support.
4b B A 2 552 Missing in P46.
4c A 3 552-53 Not NU. Change of Grammar/Inflection. Singular reading.
4d 4 Not NU. Word Substitution. Weak external support.
4e 5 NU. Does not omit phrase. Strong external support.
5a 1 553 Missing in P46.
5b 2 NU. Does not Add. Variant has better external support, but NU has P46 and B together.
13a 1 554 NU. Does not Omit Word. Variant has little external support.
13b 2 554 Not NU. Omission of Word. Singular reading.
13c 3 554 NU. Does not Add. Strong external support.

 

Total of 139 variants of 2 Corinthians observed in this study.

Total of 80 (all) singular readings of P46’s 2 Corinthians in this study.

Grand Total of 219 variants observed of the P46 text in 2 Corinthians in this study.

 

Approximate total variants of Kenyon: 326

Approximate total singular readings of Kenyon: 87

Grand Total of 413 approximate variants observed of the P46 text in 2 Corinthians.

 

BIBLIOGRAPHY

Comfort, Philip. New Testament Text and Translation Commentary. Carol Stream, IL: Tyndale, 2008.

Comfort, Philip Wesley and David P. Barrett. The Text of the Earliest New Testament Greek Manuscripts. Wheaton: Tyndale House, 2001.

Duff, Jeremy. “P46 and the Pastorals: A Misleading Consensus?” NTS 44 (Cambridge: Cambridge University, 1998), 578-590.

Eshbaugh, Howard. “Textual Variants and Theology: A Study of the Galatians Text of Papyrus 46” JSNT 3 (1979): 60-72.

Hull, Robert. The Story of the New Testament Text. Atlanta: SBL, 2010.

Holmes, Michael W. “The Text of P46: Evidence of the Earliest ‘Commentary’ on Romans?” et al. New Testament Manuscripts: Their Texts and Their World. Boston: Brill, 2006.

Hoskier, H. C. A Commentary on the Various Readings in the Text of the Epistle to the Hebrews in the Chester Beatty Papyrus P46 (circa 200 A.D.). London: Bernard Quaritch, 1938.

Kenyon, Frederic G. The Chester Beatty Biblical Papyri: Descriptions and Texts of Twelve Manuscripts on Papyrus of the Greek Bible, Fasciculus I. London: Emery Walker, 1933.

Kenyon, Frederic G. The Chester Beatty Biblical Papyri: Descriptions and Texts of Twelve Manuscripts on Papyrus of the Greek Bible, Fasciculus III Supplement. London: Emery Walker, 1936.

Kim, Young Kyu. “Paleographical Dating of P46 to the Later First Century,” Bib 69:2 (1988): 248-257.

Nestle, E. and K. Aland et al., eds. Novum Testamentum Graece. 27th ed. 1993. Repr., Stuttgart: Deutsche Bibelgesellschaft, 2006.

Royse, James R. Scribal Habits in Early Greek New Testament Papyri. Boston: Brill, 2008.

Sanders, Henry A. A Third Century Papyrus Codex of the Epistles of Paul. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan, 1935.

Zuntz, G. The Text of the Epistles. London: Oxford, 1953.

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